So here you are, standing on the steep cliff, sixty meters above the sea level, on the southernmost point of Attica, admiring the Temple of Poseidon . If you look closer, sadly you will notice that quite a few Greeks and many foreign visitors of the 19th century made a special effort to carve their initials or their full name, down at the base of the temple. Even philhellene Lord Byron could not resist the temptation of offering his own little piece of destruction…
What you may not know is that this is the second temple that was built here, between 444 and 440 BC by the Athenians and in its place stood an older one that had been destroyed by the Persians. It is constructed from soft white marble from the neighboring Agrileza, not containing iron impurities, and this keeps the whiteness, something that apparently was known to its creators.
A magnificent Doric peripteral temple with six columns on the short side and thirteen on the long, with dimensions of 31.12 meters in length and 13.47 meters in width. The columns have a height of 6.12 meters and feature sixteen ribs instead of twenty that was the most common practice of the time. This is due to the fact that the builders had to deal with the soft texture of the specific marble and its exposure to hard sea winds and moisture.
Related Photography Workshop: Ancient Attica